Painful, injured and abscessed teeth are routinely managed by general dentists, but sometimes the problem is more complicated and requires a specialist in endodontics. 

Endodontics is a branch of dentistry concerned with the internal nerve and vascular structures of the tooth (the pulp). Endodontists diagnose and manage disease and injury of the pulp and tooth roots with the goal of saving teeth and/or eliminating pain. Treatments usually involve root canal therapy or some type of root surgery.  



Oral Medicine & Pathology

Dentists look at more than just teeth and gums. And sometimes they find more complex oral health issues, such as TMJ/jaw dysfunction, oral-facial pain, soft tissue conditions, oral cancer, and general health problems affecting the mouth.

Oral medicine and oral pathology specialists deal with the more complicated variations of these problems. 




Teeth and dental implants are normally anchored firmly in the jaw bone and surrounded by a tight thick cuff of gum tissue; these supporting structures are known together as the periodontium. Most patients see their general dentist and dental hygienist to keep the periodontium healthy. But when this attachment breaks down, the stability of teeth and implants is at risk.

Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that manages diseases and conditions affecting the supporting tissues around teeth and dental implants, and replaces missing teeth with dental implants. This can involve a variety of treatments including scaling and root planing, surgeries such as grafting, and other therapies.